Erythrée Eritrea – Actualités News

24 May 2020, 8:48 pm
paf2rfxI_normal.jpg akawire Ethiopia has changed its asylum procedures for Eritreans. Unaccompanied children are now excluded from registration, and they could be forced to return to abusive conditions in Eritrea. New from @hrw EWHR8XeXgAAiYkT.jpg

*Ethiopia : Unaccompanied Eritrean Children at Risk. Asylum Policy Changes Threaten Eritreans'… #mineurs_non_accompagnés - Seenthis

22 Apr 2020, 1:25 pm

Ethiopia : Unaccompanied Eritrean Children at Risk. Asylum Policy Changes Threaten Eritreans’ Rights

The Ethiopian government’s changes to asylum procedures for Eritreans undermines their access to asylum and denies unaccompanied children necessary protection. The Ethiopian authorities should ensure that all Eritreans have the right to apply for asylum and publicly announce changes to its asylum and camp management policies.

In late January 2020, the Ethiopian government unofficially changed its asylum policy, which for years granted all Eritrean asylum seekers refugee status as a group. Staff from Ethiopia’s Agency for Refugees and Returnees Affairs (ARRA) have only registered some categories of new arrivals at the Eritrea border, excluding others, notably unaccompanied children, the United Nations and aid groups say. Ethiopia’s refusal to register these asylum seekers could force them to return to abusive situations in violation of international refugee law.

“Ethiopia has long welcomed tens of thousands of Eritreans fleeing persecution each year,” said Laetitia Bader, Horn of Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “With no letup in repression in Eritrea, the Ethiopian government shouldn’t be denying protection to Eritrean nationals, particularly unaccompanied children.”

Each year, thousands of Eritrean secondary school students, some still under 18, are conscripted into the country’s abusive indefinite national service program. National service is supposed to last 18 months, but the government often extends it to well over a decade. National service hampers children’s access to education and family life.

To apply for asylum and gain official refugee status, Eritreans need to register with Ethiopia’s refugee agency at “collection centers” when they cross the border. After registration, many then move into 1 of 6 refugee camps, 4 in the Tigray region. A smaller number live as urban refugees. With official refugee status, Eritreans are eligible for services and protection.

In July 2018, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a peace agreement, ending two decades of armed conflict and hostility, but it has not led to improvements in the human rights situation in Eritrea. In 2019, about 6,000 Eritreans arrived in Ethiopia every month. Ethiopia currently hosts 171,876 Eritrean refugees and asylum seekers, over a third of Eritrea’s global refugee population. According to the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, as of December, 44 percent of Eritrean refugees in the Tigray refugee camps were children.

In January 2019, Ethiopia’s parliament adopted progressive revisions to its refugee law that allow refugees and asylum seekers to obtain work permits and access primary education, receiving significant international acclaim. However, in January 2020, for reasons not made public, the government began to exclude certain categories of new arrivals from Eritrea from registering, including unaccompanied children.

Denying people access to asylum is inhumane and unlawful, Human Rights Watch said. It may violate the fundamental principle of non-refoulement, which bars returning refugees or asylum seekers to a country where they face threats to their lives or freedom or the risk of torture. This principle also applies to indirect acts that have the effect of returning people to harm – for example, when uncertainty leads people to believe that they cannot apply for asylum and have no practical option but to return.

The refusal to register unaccompanied children may compel them to return to abusive situations, Human Rights Watch said. Under international standards, governments should prioritize children’s access to asylum and offer children, particularly those who are unaccompanied, special care and protection.

As of December, UNHCR said 27 percent of the Eritrean children arriving in the Tigray refugee camps were unaccompanied. About 30 unaccompanied or separated children arrived every day. Previously, Ethiopia had granted unaccompanied Eritrean children immediate care arrangements, access to emergency education, and individual counseling, although those services were reportedly under significant strain.

However, the authorities have not been registering unaccompanied children since late January, and these children are not entitled to protection services or refugee camp accommodations, leaving them to fend for themselves. An aid worker in the Tigray region said “If children are undocumented [i.e. unregistered], they don’t have access to food, shelter, protection, or any psychosocial support. That exposes them to many external risks, including exploitation.”

Under Ethiopia’s 2019 Refugees Proclamation, the government recognizes refugees as people who meet both the 1951 Refugee Convention definition and the definition of the 1969 African Union Refugee Convention, which includes people fleeing “events seriously disturbing public order.” The proclamation states that the government can revoke group refugee determination, in consultation with UNHCR, by giving due consideration to the country of origin situation and publishing a directive.

The Ethiopian government does not appear to have followed these guidelines. It has not published a directive to inform new arrivals, refugees, and humanitarian partners, including the UNHCR, of the new criteria for registration, appeal procedures if their claims are denied, alternative legal routes for new arrivals, and reasons for the changes. This uncertainty risks creating significant confusion and fear for Eritrean asylum seekers, Human Rights Watch said.

On March 27, Human Rights Watch sent a letter with questions to Ethiopia’s refugee agency requesting a response on any changes to its policies or practice towards Eritrean refugees. No response has been received.

UNHCR maintains its 2011 eligibility guidelines on Eritrea. The guidelines offer countries advice on how to assess protection needs of Eritrean asylum seekers, and the agency recently said at an immigration hearing in the United Kingdom that “until there is concrete evidence that fundamental, durable, and sustainable changes have occurred, these guidelines should be maintained.”

The human rights situation in Eritrea remains dire and has not fundamentally changed since the 2018 peace agreement, making any shift in policy premature, Human Rights Watch said.

The Ethiopian authorities announced in early March that it would close the Hitsats refugee camp in the Tigray region, where 26,652 Eritreans live, as of mid-April, according to UNHCR. That includes about 1,600 unaccompanied children who are receiving care, UNHCR said.

Refugees and aid workers told Human Rights Watch that the timeline and procedures for the camp to close remain unclear. The deputy director general of Ethiopia’s refugee agency recently told the media that the relocations, reportedly on hold because of Covid-19, could begin by late April. The lack of clarity and the asylum policy change make it difficult to assess the impact of the camp’s closure and plan for viable, safe alternatives, including for unaccompanied children, Human Rights Watch said.

An Eritrean man who was unlawfully imprisoned for seven years in Eritrea and now is in Hitsats camp said, “No one explains clearly our rights, where we go, what is the time frame, all these details. We are very worried – we already have our own problems. In addition to our everyday stresses and difficulties, this is adding more.”

“Unaccompanied Eritrean children who seek asylum in Ethiopia face an impossible choice between lack of legal protection and services and uncertainty inside Ethiopia, or the risk of serious abuse if they return home,” Bader said. “Ethiopia should continue to show leadership in its treatment of Eritreans, with international support, and ensure that even during the Covid-19 crisis, it continues to protect asylum seekers from needless harm.”

#Ethiopie #réfugiés #réfugiés_érythréens #Erythrée #asile #migrations #réfugiés #enfants #enfance #MNA #mineurs_non_accompagnés #Hitsats

ping @karine4 @isskein

25 Nov 2019, 9:25 pm
LTpqSDMM_normal.jpg lemondefr Les Erythréens attendent encore le changement après la paix avec l’Ethiopie : les deux pays ont ensuite rouvert leurs ambassades, rétabli des liaisons aériennes et multiplié les rencontres. Mais l’optimisme des débuts a vite été déçu

21 Oct 2019, 2:07 am
S2qoiYgK_normal.jpg L'Obs
"Ça ne m’est jamais arrivé de défendre quelqu’un dont le renvoi a déjà été organisé par l’État français", pose d’emblée Maître Da Costa, l’avocate d’Aatifa. La demande d’asile de la jeune érythréenne avait été rejetée. Elle a été expulsée le 6 juin.…

21 Oct 2019, 2:07 am
S2qoiYgK_normal.jpg L'Obs
« Il faut arracher Aatifa de l’enfer érythréen où elle a été envoyée »…


Un prix Nobel pour Abiy Ahmed, le faiseur de paix éthiopien Le - Actualité à la Une

21 Oct 2019, 2:05 am
Le jeune dirigeant, arrivé au pouvoir en avril 2018, a réconcilié l’Ethiopie avec l’Erythrée et tente de réformer un pays « au bord de l’effondrement ».


21 Oct 2019, 2:04 am
3VfuYJV9_normal.png La Croix
[PORTRAIT] #AbiyAhmed, prix #Nobel de la paix en #Éthiopie. Le premier ministre a été distingué pour ses efforts de réconciliation avec son voisin érythréen. Depuis avril 2018, il s’est lancé dans un vaste programme de réconciliation. cc .@LaurentLarcher…


Abiy Ahmed, artisan de la réconciliation entre l’Ethiopie et l’Erythrée, reçoit le prix Nobel de la paix Mediapart

21 Oct 2019, 2:03 am
Le premier ministre éthiopien a conclu en juillet 2018 une déclaration de paix historique avec le président érythréen Isaias Afwerki. Mais celle-ci n’a pas que des partisans à Addis-Abeba, où ceux qui ont confisqué pouvoir et richesse pendant des décennies ne rendent pas les armes. Au risque de réveiller les fantômes de la guerre civile.

Le premier ministre éthiopien, Abiy Ahmed, Prix Nobel de la paix 2019 International : Toute l'actualité sur Le

21 Oct 2019, 2:02 am
Le comité Nobel a annoncé que le prix 2019 reviendrait au premier ministre éthiopien, Abiy Ahmed, pour son action en faveur de la réconciliation de son pays avec l’Erythrée.


1 Jul 2019, 12:01 am
IN9E_wsP_normal.jpg MathildeR0BERT Insupportable.

30 Jun 2019, 11:59 pm
IN9E_wsP_normal.jpg MathildeR0BERT Par ailleurs le seul fait, si on n’avait rien à vous reprocher avant, d’avoir fuit le pays (dont les frontières sont principalement fermées, donc en clandestinité) fait de vous un opposant politique. C’est la prison qui attend cette personne renvoyée. J’ai pas de mots.

30 Jun 2019, 11:58 pm
IN9E_wsP_normal.jpg MathildeR0BERT L’an dernier à #Calais, deux gars expliquent qu’ils se sont rencontrés en prison. Nous, mimant les gros yeux : « oooh, you have been to prison ? » Eux, riant « No but it’s different. In Eritrea everybody goes to prison »

30 Jun 2019, 11:58 pm
IN9E_wsP_normal.jpg MathildeR0BERT La France a renvoyé un demandeur d’asile en Érythrée. C’est un pays peu connu du grand public, alors pour celles et ceux qui se demandent comment c’est... L’une des pires dictatures du monde, avec notamment un service militaire obligatoire et indéfini. Des images volées ⤵️

30 Jun 2019, 9:01 pm
Sx5AMpVU_normal.jpg ChloeViel_DPDE @lacimade @libe Donc déboutée de l'asile parce que pas Érythréenne et éloignée vers Erythrée car déboutée de l'asile.

30 Jun 2019, 8:58 pm
X77PtbNX_normal.jpg lacimade Le @Prefet66 se défend dans un CP pour justifier le pire comme si la personne était expulsée dans un pays démocratique en paix où il fait bon vivre. Aucun commentaire du préfet sur le pays de destination et la @Place_Beauvau reste muette sur le principe d'expulser en #Érythrée D83b7-EXYAEsQaV.jpg

30 Jun 2019, 8:39 pm
65THRD1X_normal.jpg leonard_vincent La Préfecture me confirme l'expulsion, au motif de l'épuisement des recours judiciaires. De son côté, le ministère de l'Intérieur me renvoie vers la Préfecture et ne me fournit aucune explication sur les 7 laisser-passer consulaires demandés pour des Érythréens.

30 Jun 2019, 8:37 pm
X77PtbNX_normal.jpg lacimade ⚠️ La France expulse vers l’#Érythrée ! Le 6 juin @Prefet66 a expulsé une personne vers Asmara depuis le centre de #rétention de #Toulouse C'est la 1e expulsion par la France vers l’Érythrée, pays où règne l’une des dictatures les plus violentes du monde D82JQriXYAA5enR.jpg

20 Jan 2019, 4:13 pm
c2f86782540835fa13c05bcb3c02a0ac_normal. JFCrisp Eritreans are still fleeing to Sudan: @GcrCole

3 Nov 2018, 9:40 pm
LaYt1Q_7_normal.jpg MathildeR0BERT En #Érythrée, seules deux perspectives pour la jeunesse : le travail forcé ou l’#exil. « In Eritrea, one of the most isolated and repressive countries in the world, young people have no future. Their choice is to undertake compulsory national service, or try to flee. »

11 Sep 2018, 11:10 pm
LTpqSDMM_normal.jpg Le Monde
Mathilde Robert retweeted:
Après s’être tourné le dos pendant 20 ans, l’Ethiopie et l’Erythrée rouvrent leur frontière

11 Aug 2018, 7:03 am
dvIUxxnU_normal.jpg Refugees Deeply
It’s virtually impossible for Eritreans to return once they have left as #refugees because the #Eritrean government doesn’t look kindly on repatriated returnees. Those who are forced to return to the country face persecution and #humanrights abuses.

14 Jul 2018, 1:28 pm
N4GGER3R_normal.jpg FRANCE 24
Video: Humanitarian corridor to Italy brings hope to Eritrean refugees


Une des demandes récurrentes des personnes exilées en France, c'est que les personnes solidaires se mobilisent... Paris d'Exil - Collectif parisien de soutien aux exilé.e.s (Facebook)

16 Nov 2017, 11:50 am
Une des demandes récurrentes des personnes exilées en France, c'est que les personnes solidaires se mobilisent à leurs côtés pour dénoncer les exactions de leurs gouvernements, celles-là mêmes qui leur ont fait prendre la route de l'exil.

En réaction à la répression meurtrière de manifestant.e.s à Asmara capitale de l'Erythrée (28 mort.e.s par balle le 1/11) :

Rassemblement organisé par les exilé.e.s érythréen.e.s
Aujourd'hui 14h-18h - M° Sèvres Lecourbe - Ligne 12
Angle Bd Pasteur - Rue Lecourbe

2 Oct 2017, 8:51 pm
4ab90b764512cf897ed8018e1a29fc90_normal. Matins FranceCulture
.@RafAvelo: "c'est compliqué d'aller en Libye,en Érythrée, au Soudan; l'Aquarius on peut y aller, et j'invite mes confrères à y aller."

L’exil de Hassan : « J’ai longtemps fantasmé mon pays, l’Erythrée » Le - Actualité à la Une

23 Sep 2017, 8:21 pm
Dans cette série en trois épisodes, Hassan, réfugié, raconte son histoire « d’avant » et le périple qui le mènera du Soudan en France, en passant par le Turquie et la Grèce.


21 Aug 2017, 12:01 pm
Fcby2AGW_normal.jpg Help Refugees
Killing, rape, torture and forced labour. The reality of life inside 'Africa's North Korea'. Please watch and retweet.

14 Aug 2017, 7:03 pm
DEfNSGd0_normal.jpg Migrants Infos
Quiz : quelle est la capitale de l’Érythrée ? Quelle est sa superficie ?


10 Aug 2017, 2:02 pm
0w98mge6_normal.png Le Monde Afrique
Une cinquantaine de migrants « intentionnellement noyés » près du Yémen


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